Ancient Paleo Hebrew Alphabet Ghah (Ayin)

Ancient Paleo Hebrew Ayin GhahThe Ancient Hebrew Alphabet Ghah (Ayin) by Jeff Benner of AHRC, free books & videos available at His site.  This 4,000 year old Inscription was found in the land of Israel and is composed of three letters written in the ancient pictographic Hebrew script. The letter at the top of the inscription is the aleph and is a picture of an ox head representing strength. Below that is the letter lamed and is a picture of a shepherd staff representing authority. When these pictographs are combined the word “el” is formed meaning “the strong one of authority.”

Ancient Paleo Hebrew Alphabet Ghah (Ayin)

The Hebrew Bible (called the Tanakh by Jews and the Old Testament by Christians) was originally written in this pictographic Hebrew script (as well as a modified form usually refered to as Paleo-Hebrew) by Hebrews whose language and culture were very different from our own. Because of this, it is through the study of the ancient Hebrew alphabet, language and culture we can better understand the Biblical texts.

Ghah (Ayin)
By Jeff A. Benner

Ancient Modern
Image Rope
Meaning Crooked, Dark, Goat
Name Ghah Ayin
Sound gh (ng) Silent
History & Reconstruction

While this letter existed in ancient Semitic languages and some modern Semitic languages, it no longer exists in the modern Hebrew. Instead it has been absorbed into the letter ע (ayin). While the evidence exists showing that this is in fact a separate letter, there is very little evidence for reconstructing its original pictograph. The Ugarit and Arabic languages wrote this letter the same as the ayin but with an additional line or dot. The closest candidate for this letter is the , a twisted rope, as found in some ancient Semitic inscriptions.

In the Arabic language this letter is called the ghah but originally may have had the name ghah meaning “twisted”. The meaning of the letter ghah is twisted from the twisting fibers of a rope and from this come the meaning of goats from their twisted horns. As goats are dark in color, this letter also carries the meaning of dark.

Because the Greek language transliterates this letter with a gamma (g sound) we know that this letter originally had a type of “g” sound such as in the word ring.

For more detailed information and books by Jeff Benner Here.

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