KHARTOUM — Here is a recap of events in Sudan since autocratic president Omar al-Bashir was toppled over two years ago:

2019: Bashir ousted

On April 11, 2019, four months after mass protests sparked by a hike in bread prices spiral into demands for wholesale reform, Sudan’s army removes Bashir from power.

He is replaced by a transitional military government.

Thousands camp in front of army headquarters demanding civilian rule.

Talks between the generals and protest leaders break down.

Bloody crackdown

Armed men move in on the protest camp on June 3, 2019 and dozens are killed in a days-long crackdown.

A feared paramilitary group that sprang from the notorious Janjaweed militia, accused of war crimes in the 2003 Darfur conflict, is blamed for the violence, but rejects allegations it was involved.


After the African Union intervenes, civilian and military factions agree to share power in a three-year transition to full civilian rule.

On August 17, 2019 a “constitutional declaration” is signed and a sovereign council comprising leading military and civilian figures is formed three days later.

In October, the government and rebel groups who had fought Bashir’s iron-fisted rule for decades agree to a “permanent ceasefire” in the country’s three war zones.

Bashir convicted

On December 14, 2019 Bashir is convicted of corruption and sentenced to two years in a correctional center.

The toppled autocrat has long been wanted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague over charges of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity in the 2003 Darfur conflict in which 300,000 people were killed.

A Khartoum prosecutor rejects extradition as not “necessary.”

2020: Unrest spreads

Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok survives an assassination attempt on March 9, 2020, which many see as a bid to derail the transition. READ MORE

A timeline of events in Sudan from the fall of Bashir until the apparent coup

Josh Toupos

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