The book of Romans Ch. 1 with J. Vernon McGee.  I cut my teeth as a babe in Christ with Thru The Bible Radio.

Matthew Henry states, “The scope or design of the apostle in writing to the Romans appears to have been, to answer the unbelieving, and to teach the believing Jew; to confirm the Christian and to convert the idolatrous Gentile; and to show the Gentile convert as equal with the Jewish, in respect of his religious condition, and his rank in the Divine favour. These several designs are brought into on view, by opposing or arguing with the infidel or unbelieving Jew, in favor of the Christian or believing Gentile. The way of a sinner’s acceptance with God, or justification in his sight, merely by grace, through faith in the righteousness of Christ, without distinction of nations, is plainly stated.

This doctrine is cleared from the objections raised by Judaizing Christians, who were for making terms of acceptance with God by a mixture of the law and the gospel, and for shutting out the Gentiles from any share in the blessings of salvation brought in by the Messiah. In the conclusion, holiness is further enforced by practical exhortations.

The apostle’s commission. (1-7) Prays for the saints at Rome, and expresses his desire to see them. (8-15) The gospel way of justification by faith, for Jews and Gentiles. (16,17) The sins of the Gentiles set forth. (18-32)”  -Matthew Henry 

 

Romans 1 KEY VERSES:

For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ; for it is the power of God unto salvation to everyone that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. For in it is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith; as it is written, The just shall live by faith. (Romans 1:16, 17)

Romans Ch. 1 Bible Study

 

OUTLINE (in brief): From TTB
1. Salutation 1:1-17
2. Sin 1:18 — 3:20
3. Salvation 3:21 — 5:11
4. Sanctification 5:12 — 6:23
5. Struggle 7
6. Spirit-filled living 8:1-27
7. Security 8:28-39
8. Segregation 9 — 11
9. Sacrifice & service 12, 13
10. Separation 14, 15
11. Salutation 16
OUTLINE:
I. Doctrinal, “Faith,” Chapters 1 — 8
A. Justification of the sinner, Chapters 1:1 — 5:11
1. Introduction, 1:1-17
a. Paul’s personal greeting, 1:1-7
b. Paul’s personal purpose, 1:8-13
c. Paul’s three “I am’s,” 1:14-17
Key verses 16, 17 — the revelation of the righteousness of
God.
2. Revelation of the sin of man, 1:18 — 3:20
This is “Sinnerama.” Universal fact: Man is a sinner.
The Ecumenical movement is away from God. Axiom:
The World is guilty before God — all need righteousness.
a. Revelation of the wrath of God against sin of man,
1:18-32
1) The natural revelation of God (original version),
vv. 18-20
2) The subnatural response of man (reversion), vv. 21-
23
3) Unnatural retrogression of man (perversion),
vv. 4-27
4) Supernatural requital of God (inversion), vv. 28-
32

Dr. Griffith Thomas has given us a fitting word: We must never forget that the term “righteousness” is much wider than justification, though this is, of course, included. Righteousness really covers all that is necessary to reinstate a sinner as right with God, and therefore includes his position, his character, his privileges, and his prospects. It embraces the past, present, and future, and it means “the state of being right.”

On this thesis he gives the following outline of the epistle:

(a) Righteousness needed by sinful men (Romans 1:17 — 3:20)

(b) Righteousness provided by God (Romans 3:21-26)

(c) Righteousness received through faith (Romans 3:27 — 4:25)

(d) Righteousness experienced in the soul (Romans 5:1 — 8:17)

(e) Righteousness guaranteed as permanent blessing (Romans 8:18-39)

(f) Righteousness rejected by the Jewish nation (Romans 9 — 11)

(g) Righteousness manifested in practical life (Romans 12 — 16)

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