This is the concluding segment (3 of 3) to this article on Universalism, the Judgment of God and the Eternal destinies of all souls. Previously we looked into some of the history of Universalism, then we checked out the doctrine of Eternity and of heaven and hell.

We now look at the further ramifications of Universalism and of the distinctions between those who are born of God, and those who are not. Also, the relevance of the spiritual rebirth is examined.

Let us conclude the matter:

Why Must we be Born Again?

By James Joseph Fire

Any and all who would see and enter into the kingdom of God must do so in accordance with the procedure that the King Himself laid down; it’s HIS Kingdom (‘kingdom’ is a contraction of “the King’s Domain”), HE makes the rules and these can’t be explained, rationalized, analyzed or ‘dialogued’ away!

Any and all who would see and enter into the kingdom of God must do so in accordance with the procedure that the King Himself laid down; it’s HIS Kingdom (‘kingdom’ is a contraction of “the King’s Domain”), HE makes the rules and these can’t be explained, rationalized, analyzed or ‘dialogued’ away!

Jesus answered and said unto him, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God.  John 3:3-10

Nicodemus saith unto him, How can a man be born when he is old? can he enter the second time into his mother’s womb, and be born?

Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.

That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.

Marvel not that I said unto thee, Ye must be born again.

The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.
Nicodemus answered and said unto him, How can these things be?

Jesus answered and said unto him, Art thou a master of Israel, and knowest not these things?

The Truth About Being Born Again

The spiritual rebirth was here stated as the only means of “seeing” and “entering into” the Kingdom of God; there are no other means or operations whereby that kingdom is arrived by; since these are the very words of the King Himself, we can rest assured that they are both valid and exclusive (that is to say, those who are not born again, will not “see” and “enter into” the Kingdom of God).

The LORD Jesus rebukes Nicodemus for not knowing these things, and one might wonder at this since the spiritual rebirth was a thing taught and experienced only in the New Testament . . . or was it (experienced, no; taught? Yes!)?

We Need a New Heart!

A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you: and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you an heart of flesh.  Ezekiel 36:26-27

And I will put my spirit within you, and cause you to walk in my statutes, and ye shall keep my judgments, and do them.

The New Covenant in Jeremiah

Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah:

Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which my covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD:

But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put my law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be my people. Jer 31:31-33

The Mystery of The Church

This would have been the lot of Israel had she accepted her King, Y’shua ha Meshiach, Jesus Christ, but since as a nation, she rejected (at that time) her King, God set forth into motion the other body of believers He had planned since eternity past, but kept these things secret (Mystery in the Greek is mystērion) until the establishment of the New Testament, and this mystery was revealed to Paul the Apostle, that being, the church (see Ephesian 3).

I believe that the nation of Israel will enter into this ‘spiritual dynamic’ upon Christ’s Second Advent when as a nation, they will receive Him as their Messiah (Zech. 12:10 as well as the above-mentioned passages).

The New Testament likewise mentions the spiritual rebirth in the same terms that our LORD expressed in 1 Peter 2:3; in other passages, it speaks of being “saved” or being made a “new creature” –

Faith, Righteousness, and Salvation

That if thou shalt confess with thy mouth the Lord Jesus, and shalt believe in thine heart that God hath raised him from the dead, thou shalt be saved.  Romans 10:9-13

For with the heart man believeth unto righteousness; and with the mouth confession is made unto salvation.

For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

For whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord shall be saved.

Mark 16:16
He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he that believeth not shall be damned.

John 3:17
For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.

Acts 2:47
Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Lord added to the church daily such as should be saved.

Act 4:12
Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved.
Other verses that declare this truth are: John 5:34; Acts 11:14, 15:11, 16:31; Romans 5:9-10, 10:1, 11:26; 1 Thess. 2:16; 2 Thess. 2:10; 1 Tim. 2:4; 1 Peter 4:18.

Scripture speaks of being a “new creature” in Christ

2 Cor 5:17
Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new.
Gal 6:15
For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature.



From the beginning, it was God’s plan and desire in creating man, to have fellowship with a sentient being with whom He could express His love and grace and from whom He could receive love; it was for His good pleasure that He created us (Rev. 4:11). Even though the cataclysmic fall of mankind into sin broke this sacred fellowship with our Maker, this certainly didn’t take Him by surprise but was anticipated and provided for in a way that no human mind could have imagined – by the Creator Himself taking on humanity and dying for our sins!

Only an Eternal God could take on the sins of the world (but only as a representative of mankind, thus the need to be “born of the woman” Gal. 4:4) which were against that same Eternal God, and suffer on our behalf the eternal punishment that we justly deserve (for our sins are not against ‘a god’ but the Eternal God)!

This sacred truth of the atonement was embodied in the scriptures, throughout the various prophecies as well as the symbolical significance of the Temple and its sacrifices. All of the Old Testament scriptures speak of Christ Jesus (John 5:39), and of the plan of redemption and with the sole purpose of eradicating sin, that deadly, corrupting influence that separates the Creator God from His creatures (Isaiah 59:2) and for which it took nothing less than God Himself to destroy.

Even among the myriad of sacrifices and offerings, drenching the altars with more blood than you’d see in a slaughterhouse, even then, and with precise ceremonies, rituals, specialized clothing and procedures of bathing along with incense and oils the high priest, and only him, only once a year in the Holy of holies, entered into minister before the LORD and it was then that the LORD’s Spirit dwelled there, over the mercy seat.

The very Spirit of God dwelled there in that temple! This in itself was a symbol of that which would follow, under the New Covenant

The Indwelling of The Holy Spirit

1 Cor 3:16-17
Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?

If any man defile the temple of God, him shall God destroy; for the temple of God is holy, which temple ye are.

1 Cor 6:19
What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?

2 Cor 6:16
And what agreement hath the temple of God with idols? for ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

Eph 2:19-22
Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints, and of the household of God;  And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner stone;  In whom all the building fitly framed together groweth unto an holy temple in the Lord:  n whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.

Some disparage the idea of Christ Jesus indwelling the repentant sinner as a response to prayer, but the indwelling Christ, the LORD Jesus, as well as the indwelling Father, and the indwelling Holy Spirit are clearly taught in scripture.

John 1:12-13
“But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.”

Receiving The Gift of The Holy Spirit

The word “received” in the Greek is lambano, which is a primary verb and means, to take, to get hold of, to accept; this word is suggestive of “a self-prompted taking”. In this verse, the one being received is the Lord Jesus Christ, and as a result of this are granted the power (right, privilege, ability) to become ‘the sons of God’ who are born of the will of God (a most relevant term, which denotes a direct creation of God; angels have been called “sons of God” as each of them was created directly by God; Adam, and not his sons, was called a son of God as he likewise was directly created by God: Abel, Cain, Seth and his other sons were never referred to by this term. We as Christians are likewise called sons or children of God because our hearts are created anew (not reformed or mutated) directly at God’s intervention (see Romans 8:14, 19; Phil. 2:15; 1 John 3:1-2; also Matt. 5:9; Luke 20: 36; John 11:52; Romans 8:16, 21; 9: 8; Gal. 3: 26; 1 John 3:10; 5:2).

The Father, as well as the Son, is promised to make an abode with those who love Jesus and keep His words; the word ‘abode’ is menō in the Greek and it means “a dwelling place or residence”

Love and The Fullness of The Spirit

John 14:23
Jesus answered and said unto him, If a man love me, he will keep my words: and my Father will love him, and we will come unto him, and make our abode with him.

Col 1:27
To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you, the hope of glory:
Other verses that speak of the indwelling Christ are as follows:

John 14: 20; 17: 23; Gal. 2:20; Eph. 3:17-19 (note, that we “might be filled with all the fullness of God” in vs. 19); and 1 John 3:24; also Rev. 3:20 which the LORD states as an admonition not to the church of Laodicea, but to individuals within that apostate church.

And of course the Spirit of God dwells in us as well:

Rom 8:9
But ye are not in the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you. Now if any man have not the Spirit of Christ, he is none of his.

Take note here that this verse explains that we not only have the Spirit of God, but that any who do not have the Spirit of Christ, those are people that don’t belong to Him. Those who are not born of God’s Spirit, do not possess God’s Spirit, and they do not belong to Christ Jesus!

Other verses that express the indwelling Spirit are as follows: Ezek. 36:27; John 14: 17; Romans 8:11; 1 Cor. 2:12, 3:16; 2 Cor. 5:5; Gal. 4:6; Eph. 2:22; 3:16; 5:8.

The Truth About Rejecting The Truth:  Consequences

It is important that we further clarify the confusion of Hebrews 10:10.

Hebrews 10:10 “By which will we are sanctified through the offering of the body of Jesus Christ once for all.”
There are those who believe that the sacrifice on the cross in which Jesus Christ suffered once and for all was for everyone, the saved and the unregenerate alike and therefore does away with the consequences of sin, death and eternal punishment. It is true that Christ’s sacrifice on the cross was indeed for everyone, the saved and the unregenerate, but one can only enjoy the benefit of redemption upon repentance and personal belief.

Christ Alone or All You Have is Useless Religion

This scripture speaks of a specific work which was divinely committed to Christ alone to accomplish, which was completed upon His death on the cross and resurrection from the dead. It is the work which constitutes the content behind Christ’s words: “It is finished” (John 19:30).

Specifically, the work of REDEMPTION (ransom in full, i.e. (figuratively) riddance, or (especially) Christian salvation: Soteriology–deliverance), RECONCILIATION (exchange (figuratively, adjustment), i.e. restoration to (the divine) favor:–atonement, reconciliation (-ing) and PROPITIATION (to conciliate, i.e. (transitively) to atone for (sin), or (intransitively) be propitious:–be merciful, make reconciliation for).

There are other doctrines relating to the value of Christ’s death for believers, such as, forgiveness (of sins), regeneration, justification and sanctification, which also are divinely applied to the sinner at the time of PERSONAL BELIEF, but the above mentioned is unique because each extend benefits to both the saved and unsaved in that this finished work on the cross, was done with the whole “world” in mind (John. 1:29; ref. 1 John 2:2; 4:14).

However, it must be clearly understood that Christ’s death is SUBSTITUTIONARY and the work He accomplished through His death is, in itself, PERFECT and COMPLETE. That said, the sinner freely benefits by and accesses this finished work, in full, at the time of personal belief (Rom. 5:2) and cannot add to it nor subtract from it in any way. It was Christ’s work to accomplish and accomplish it He did, completely and perfectly.
Therefore, the sinner, AT THE TIME OF PERSONAL BELIEF, is completely and perfectly REDEEMED from sin; completely and perfectly RECONCILED to God; and God through Jesus Christ, is completely and perfectly PROPITIATED by His shed blood.

On this basis, the life bestowed upon a repentant sinner, at the time of personal belief, is vitally eternal, as is the punishment bestowed upon the unrepentant sinner.

Example: John 3:16 states, For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
As we can see from this Scripture that everlasting life is reserved for those who believe.

The terrible cost of Calvary does not make provision for a sinner who refuses God’s plan of redemption, who continues in his folly, and whose father is the devil, for they will receive the full wrath and punishment that is to come at the judgment. Jesus did not die in vain! Since the only remission of sin is the shed blood of Jesus, and by no other means, those who do not have the bloodstain upon the door of their hearts, will perish in everlasting hell.

German theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer said that cheap grace “amounts to the justification of sin without the justification of the repentant sinner who departs from sin and from whom sin departs. Cheap grace is not the kind of forgiveness of sin which frees us from the toils of sin…. Cheap grace is grace without discipleship, grace without the cross, grace without Jesus Christ…. [Costly grace] is the call of Jesus Christ at which the disciple leaves his nets and follows him…. When [Martin Luther] spoke of grace, [he] always implied as a corollary that it cost him his own life, the life which was now subjected to the absolute obedience of Christ…. Happy are they who, knowing that grace, can live in the world without being of it, who by following Jesus Christ, are so assured of their heavenly citizenship that they are truly free to live their lives in this world” (The Cost of Discipleship [N.Y.: Macmillian, 1959], pp. 47, 53, 60).

There is indeed one condition to salvation, and that is this: that it must be received. It is therefore the express responsibility of the sinner to accept God’s offer of atonement. To do that one must repent, believe and receive it. Man cannot reject the gift of salvation and reap the benefit of the saved.

Romans 6:1-14 teaches us that we are one with Christ because we have shared in His death, burial, and resurrection, and that we are to walk in newness of life.

Also in Romans 6:15-23 we learn we are no longer servants of sin, that we now have a new master. Salvation doesn’t free you to sin: but rather frees us from sin. Salvation takes unholy men and makes them holy, unrighteous men and makes them righteous, we are no longer the children of wrath, but are the children of God. It is a call from sin to holiness. God is not looking for people who want to add Jesus to their sinful life-styles. Salvation is not an addition; it is a transformation. Jesus calls men to die to self and rise again to walk in newness of life. He is calling men who say “no” to their present master and yes to a new Master. God’s grace covers any sin, but it never condones it. Being a Christian means that we are now free from sin and guilt and will inherit eternal life in place of eternal punishment.

Romans 6:23
“For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”

What must be borne in mind is that GOD IS NOT WILLING THAT ANY SHOULD PERISH BUT THAT ALL SHOULD COME TO REPENTANCE (2 Pet. 3:9) and therefore, never sends sinners to hell.

The eternal punishment of the wicked is not arbitrarily imposed by God but is the inevitable outcome of sin itself – the confirmation of sinners in their own self-chosen course, being left by God to reap the full, dire consequences of sin. Having persistently separated themselves from God, sinners, dying in their sin, banish themselves from his presence and abandon themselves to reap the full harvest of their own evil character and of their rejection of Calvary’s provision for their sin.” ~Herbert Lockyer


Why would a loving God, of Whom it is said that His love is unconditional, condemn any one to a place of burning torment forever, with no chance of reprieve? Where is the love in that sort of action?

What Universalists and others who believe either in universal salvation from our common Heavenly Father and ‘the brotherhood of Man’, or in annihilation fail to acknowledge is that God is not only a God of love, He is also a God of Holiness. As human beings, with a fallen sinful nature (and without a regenerated, resurrected spirit), we have no idea or conception of what this means beyond a theoretical basis. We under appreciate then why God can’t forgive sin by merely conceding to do so, because we fail to comprehend the awesomeness of His holiness.

The holiness of God in conjunction with the character of God’s sense of justice would compel Him to judge sin; if He merely ignored sin, or overlooked sin, or simply dismissed sin out of hand, He would be in violation of His nature, and this is something God cannot do! God cannot lie, He cannot be unjust, He cannot change. He cannot tolerate sin.

This then is the ‘dilemma’ that God faced: He must judge sin, and yet to do so would mean to condemn the very creatures that He loves so passionately. How could a Holy, Eternal God deal with sin and yet bring His creatures into a loving relationship with Himself?

Bear in mind that since God is eternal, any sin committed against Him by mortal creatures would face eternal consequences, since the issue is the One who is being sinned against, not on the deed of the perpetrator!

Suppose one was to commit the exact same crime in different nations; each nation will have their own sense of justice and various standards for punishment. Though it’s the same crime, committed by the same person, that person will not know the same level of punishment from each nation because the crime must answer to the courts of law as represented by each nation’s standards.

Yet God, in His Kingdom, has the highest Standard by which He will judge and mete out punishment by, His Holy Law! Mortal, finite creatures will know the incontrovertible judgment and punishment of an Eternal God and His eternal Law.

We have already seen the scripture that stated that all judgment will be given to the Son by the Father to mete out; thus Jesus Christ is the Judge who will review each individual life and bring sentence upon them, based on the Holy Law of God (which has proven mankind to be sinful and incapable of obeying it).

The Kinsman Redeemer (Goel)

The kinsmen Goel is a term employed in both the book of Numbers and Ruth; the concept is utilized elsewhere in scripture as well (sometimes referred to as the “avenger of blood”). This is a person who is related to another that’s incurred a debt and as a result, lost their land, home, etc. The kinsman can if they are able and willing, redeem their relative by paying the debt and restoring anything lost (such as lands, houses, etc).

The kinsman is also a type of The Redeemer, the LORD Jesus Christ (Isaiah 41:14; 43:14; 44:6, 24; 47:4; 48:17; 49:7, 26; 54:5, 8; 59:20; 60:16; 63:16) who likewise possessed the ability and willingness to redeem the human race (Eph. 1:7, 14) which was indebted to God by our flagrant sin, in violation of the Law as well as depriving God of the pleasure for which He created us.

The glory of God would have been to experience uninterrupted, pure, loving fellowship with us, His creatures; yet “all have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God” (Rom. 3:23).
Humanity has gone its own way, and neglects, ignores, even blasphemes God in practically every breath we breathe!

Yet because “God so loved the world . . . He gave His only begotten Son, so that whoever believes in Him, should not perish, but have everlasting life.”

Jesus Christ, the One who dwelled together with the Father before creation ever took place, the Eternal I Am who inhabits eternity, allowed Himself to become our sin-bearer, the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world (John 1:29). Being both sinless, eternal God, and also being a man in whom there dwelt no sin He was able to meet the debt that we incurred, take on that debt of sin upon Himself, and also was able to receive the full brunt of God Almighty’s wrath against the sea of sin that would have condemned us all. Being God, He was able to endure the eternal punishment of this judgment, for indeed God condemned in the flesh, in the Person of Christ, the sins of humanity:

Rom 8:3
For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh:


Hebrews 9:14
How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God, purge your conscience from dead works to serve the living God?

Read the entire passage from Hebrews Ch. 9.
Jesus Christ suffered for our sins and abolished forever the penalty for them, the power of them, and the presence of them on our behalf when the redemption is finally completed upon His Second Coming. In this Person has encapsulated all the grace, all the goodness, all the tender mercies, the compassion, the kindness and love of God. All of humanity can know of these things from God, through the Person of Christ Jesus, and any who come to Him, He will in no wise cast out (John 6:37).

This is why, if one rejects the LORD Jesus Christ, the exclusive source of God’s redemption (Acts 4:12), there is nothing He has to spare to offer any soul who would seek such outside of the Person of Jesus Christ. Therefore, that which Christ Jesus took upon Himself and the sacrifice He made is invalid for those who reject Him, and they then have no other choice but to suffer that eternal torment themselves (John 3:18-21, 36).

The Judge is coming to this world one day, and any who are caught outside of the grace of God, made available through Jesus Christ our LORD, will have to face the Judge and His Law, and in that Court, there will be no hope for the guilty: none, whatsoever.

Rom 3:19
Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.